分裂文

分裂文と疑似分裂文はやはり相互排除的で棲み分けをしているように思われる。

(1)
a. It was slowly that John walked.
b. *What John walked was slowly.

副詞句は分裂文で疑似分裂文では非文となる。

(2)
a. What John wanted to do was walk.
b. *It was to walk that John wanted.

to 不定詞は疑似分裂文で分裂文では非文となる。

(3)
a. *It was sad that Mary looked.
b. What Mary looked was sad.

形容詞句は分裂文では非文になるが疑似分裂文では問題ない。

(4)
a. *It was that the earth is round that John believes.
b. What John believes is that the earth is round.

that 節は疑似分裂文では問題ないが分裂文では非文となる。

(5)
a. It was to Tom that John gave the book.
b. *Who John gave the book was to Tom.

前置詞句は分裂文では問題ないが疑似分裂文では非文となる。

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by miyakmae | 2017-05-01 07:20 | 言語 | Comments(0)

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