名詞素性と事象

Jackendoff (1991) は名詞を b:boundedness と i:internal structure の2つの素性に分けて次のように表す。

(1)
a. a dog: +b -i
b. a committee: +b +i
c. water: -b -i
d. dogs: -b +i

同じようにevent や process もこの素性を使って次のように表す。

(2)
a. John ran to the station. +b -i
b. John slept. -b -i
c. The light flashed continually. -b +i
d. The light flashed until dawn. +b +i

これにより次のような(非)文法性を説明する。

(3)
a. There was water all over the room.
b. There were books all over the room.
c. *There was a book all over the room.
d. John ate cake until dawn.
e. John ate apples until dawn.
f. *John ate an apple until dawn.


[PR]
by miyakmae | 2017-03-06 08:20 | 言語 | Comments(0)

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